Cost of crude oil
73% of the cost of a gallon of gasoline directly reflects the cost that refiners pay to obtain the crude oil.
Refining costs and profits
10% of the cost of a gallon of gasoline reflects the costs to refine the crude oil making it useful to consumers.
Federal and state taxes
11% of the cost of a gallon of gasoline is made up of federal and state taxes, but does not include county or local taxes.
Distribution and marketing
6% of the cost of a gallon of gasoline is made up of distribution, marketing and retail dealer costs. Most gasoline is shipped by pipeline to consuming areas and then loaded into trucks for delivery at individual gas stations. The price reflects the retailer's purchase cost and operating costs associated with the service station. Additionally, the price can reflect the desirability of the station's location or the station owner's marketing strategies.